在Linux select实现的TCP echo

悟途网 2013年04月10日 22:13 阅读()
字号 (A- A+)

温馨注意:

1、每次select前最好都要重新设置一下fd_set

2、不要忘记关闭socket

3、将server_sockfd用fcntl设置为非阻塞

4、select最后一个超时参数,0表示不阻塞,-1表示一直阻塞直到事件发送,还有自定义超时时间。

服务器端代码:

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<sys/socket.h>
#include<sys/types.h>
#include<netinet/in.h>
#include<arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/fcntl.h>

void select_test(int port, int backlog) {
	int rcd;
	int new_cli_fd;
	int maxfd;
	int socklen, server_len;
	int ci;
	int watch_fd_list[backlog + 1];
	for (ci = 0; ci <= backlog; ci++)
		watch_fd_list[ci] = -1;

	int server_sockfd;
	//建立socket,类型为TCP流
	server_sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
	if (server_sockfd == -1) {
		printf("create server_socket error!\n");
		exit(1);
	}

	//设为非阻塞
	if (fcntl(server_sockfd, F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK) == -1) {
		printf("Set server socket nonblock failed\n");
		exit(1);
	}

	struct sockaddr_in server_sockaddr;
	memset(&server_sockaddr, 0, sizeof(server_sockaddr));
	server_sockaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
	server_sockaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
	//设置监听端口
	server_sockaddr.sin_port = htons(port);
	server_len = sizeof(server_sockaddr);
	//绑定
	rcd = bind(server_sockfd, (struct sockaddr *) &server_sockaddr, server_len);
	if (rcd == -1) {
		printf("bind port %d error!\n", ntohs(server_sockaddr.sin_port));
		exit(1);
	}
	//监听
	rcd = listen(server_sockfd, backlog);
	if (rcd == -1) {
		printf("listen error!\n");
		exit(1);
	}
	printf("Server is  waiting on socket=%d \n", server_sockfd);

	watch_fd_list[0] = server_sockfd;
	maxfd = server_sockfd;

	//初始化监听集合
	fd_set watchset;
	FD_ZERO(&watchset);
	FD_SET(server_sockfd, &watchset);

	struct timeval tv; /* 声明一个时间变量来保存时间 */
	struct sockaddr_in cli_sockaddr;
	while (1) {

		tv.tv_sec = 20;
		tv.tv_usec = 0; /* 设置select等待的最大时间为20秒*/
		//每次都要重新设置集合才能激发事件
		FD_ZERO(&watchset);
		FD_SET(server_sockfd, &watchset);
		//对已存在到socket重新设置
		for (ci = 0; ci <= backlog; ci++)
			if (watch_fd_list[ci] != -1) {
				FD_SET(watch_fd_list[ci], &watchset);
			}

		rcd = select(maxfd + 1, &watchset, NULL, NULL, &tv);
		switch (rcd) {
		case -1:
			printf("Select error\n");
			exit(1);
		case 0:
			printf("Select time_out\n");
			//超时则清理掉所有集合元素并关闭所有与客户端的socket
			FD_ZERO(&watchset);
			for (ci = 1; ci <= backlog; ci++){
				shutdown(watch_fd_list[ci],2);
				watch_fd_list[ci] = -1;
			}
			//重新设置监听socket,等待链接
			FD_CLR(server_sockfd, &watchset);
			FD_SET(server_sockfd, &watchset);
			continue;
		default:
			//检测是否有新连接建立
			if (FD_ISSET(server_sockfd, &watchset)) { //new connection
				socklen = sizeof(cli_sockaddr);
				new_cli_fd = accept(server_sockfd,
						(struct sockaddr *) &cli_sockaddr, &socklen);
				if (new_cli_fd < 0) {
					printf("Accept error\n");
					exit(1);
				}
				printf("\nopen communication with  Client %s on socket %d\n",
						inet_ntoa(cli_sockaddr.sin_addr), new_cli_fd);

				for (ci = 1; ci <= backlog; ci++) {
					if (watch_fd_list[ci] == -1) {
						watch_fd_list[ci] = new_cli_fd;
						break;
					}
				}

				FD_SET(new_cli_fd, &watchset);
				if (maxfd < new_cli_fd) {
					maxfd = new_cli_fd;
				}

				continue;
			} else {//已有连接的数据通信
				//遍历每个设置过的集合元素
				for (ci = 1; ci <= backlog; ci++) { //data
					if (watch_fd_list[ci] == -1)
						continue;
					if (!FD_ISSET(watch_fd_list[ci], &watchset)) {
						continue;
					}
					char buffer[128];
					//接收
					int len = recv(watch_fd_list[ci], buffer, 128, 0);
					if (len < 0) {
						printf("Recv error\n");
						exit(1);
					}
					buffer[len] = 0;

					//获得客户端的IP地址
					struct sockaddr_in sockaddr;
					getpeername(watch_fd_list[ci], (struct sockaddr*) &sockaddr,
							sizeof(sockaddr));
					printf("read data [%s] from Client %s on socket %d\n",
							buffer,inet_ntoa(sockaddr.sin_addr),watch_fd_list[ci]);
					//发送接收到到数据
					len = send(watch_fd_list[ci], buffer, strlen(buffer), 0);
					if (len < 0) {
						printf("Send error\n");
						exit(1);
					}
					printf("write data [%s] to Client %s on socket %d\n",
							buffer, inet_ntoa(sockaddr.sin_addr),
							watch_fd_list[ci]);

					shutdown(watch_fd_list[ci],2);
					watch_fd_list[ci] = -1;
					FD_CLR(watch_fd_list[ci], &watchset);

					//接收到的是关闭命令
					if (strcmp(buffer, "quit") == 0) {
						for (ci = 0; ci <= backlog; ci++)
							if (watch_fd_list[ci] != -1) {
								shutdown(watch_fd_list[ci],2);
							}
						printf("\nWeb Server Quit!\n");
						exit(0);
					}
				}
			}
			break;
		}
	}
}

<p>#define backlog  5
const int port = 8888;</p><p>int main() {
 select_test(port,backlog);
 return 0;
}</p>

客户端代码:

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<sys/socket.h>
#include<netinet/in.h>
#include<arpa/inet.h>

int client_tcp(char *serIP,in_port_t serPort,char *data);
int main()
{
	int port=8888;
	client_tcp("127.0.0.1",port,"Hello Server1!");
	client_tcp("127.0.0.1",port,"Hello Server2!");
	client_tcp("127.0.0.1",port,"Hello Server3!");
	client_tcp("127.0.0.1",port,"quit");
}


int client_tcp(char *serIP,in_port_t serPort,char *data)
{
	//创建socket
	int sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);
	if (sock < 0) {
		printf("socket Error!");
		exit(0);
	}

	//填充sockaddr_in
	struct sockaddr_in serAddr;
	memset(&serAddr, 0, sizeof(serAddr));
	serAddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
	serAddr.sin_port = htons(serPort);
	int rtn = inet_pton(AF_INET, serIP, &serAddr.sin_addr.s_addr);
	//或者是  serAddr.sin_addr.s_addr=inet_addr(serIP);
	if (rtn <= 0) {
		printf("inet_pton Error!");
		exit(0);
	}

	printf("目标服务器地址:%s: %d\n", inet_ntoa(serAddr.sin_addr), ntohs(serAddr.sin_port));
	printf("     网络层协议:%s\n", serAddr.sin_family == 2 ? "IPv4" : "IPv6");
	printf("     传输层协议:TCP\n");


	//链接服务器
	if (connect(sock, (struct sockaddr *) &serAddr, sizeof(serAddr)) < 0) {
		printf("connect Error!!\n");
		exit(0);
	}
	//show the other side
	printf("connected Server %s : %d\n", inet_ntoa(serAddr.sin_addr), ntohs(serAddr.sin_port));

	//发送数据
	int bufsize = strlen(data);
	int num = send(sock, data, bufsize, 0);
	if (num <= 0) {
		printf("Send Error!!\n");
		exit(0);
	}

	//接收数据
	fputs("Received: ", stdout);
	char buffer[100];
	int n = recv(sock, buffer, 100 - 1, 0);
	if (n <= 0) {
		printf("Receive Error!!\n");
		exit(0);
	} else {
		buffer[n] = '\0';
		printf("%s\n", buffer);
	}

	//关闭socket
	close(sock);
	//exit(0);
	return 0;
}

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